Do you suffer from headaches and migraines?

Migraines and headaches are considered to be the most common diseases in the world (Steiner et al 2013). The World Health Organisation classifies severe migraine attacks as among the most disabling illnesses, comparable to dementia, quadriplegia and active psychosis (Shapiro et al 2007).

Research suggests that 190,000 attacks of migraine alone in the UK everyday (Steiner et al 2003). It is a huge burdon upon the UK population and economy being responsible for an estimated 25 million days from work or school each year (Steiner et al 2003), with absenteeism from migraine alone costs £2.25 billion per year in the UK. The annual cost to the NHS for migraineis £150 million per year, mostly from the costs of prescription drugs and GP visits (Steiner et al 2003, Headache Disorders 2010). The estimated cost directly to the NHS for headache treatment is £1 billion per year (Headache Services England 2014). Including all headache disorders the cost rises dramatically to £5-7 billion annually. These figures take into consideration the costs of healthcare, lost productivity through both absenteeism and presenteeism, and disability (Headache Disorders 2010).

So how can Spriggs Chiropractic help, given this posts main focus isn’t about the economic affects of headaches and migraines. No doubt you are reading this to find out what help and support is available, to help you control your headaches/migraines, and stop them from controlling you and your life. At Spriggs Chiropractic, our ethos is route cause analysis. Our aim is finding out the cause of your complaint and put together a plan to correct the cause allowing your body to heal itself, not simply enabling you to mask the symptoms and provide you with short-term relief. In order to do this, we must first identify your Triggers. 

There are various triggers for headaches/migraines. The most commonly known ones are related to your diet and lifestyle. Dietary triggers in crude terms are often referred to as the three C’s, which are:

  • Caffeine
  • Cheese and
  • Chocolate

This is because they have high levels of Tyramine in them, as do many other aged and fermented foods liked cured meats and smoked fish. Tyramine is a naturally occurring trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine that is released as a result of the natural breakdown of tyrosine in the body. The exact mechanism is not truly understood but one explanation is that elevated levels of tyramine in your system causes nerve cells in the brain to release norepinephrine (noradrenaline) triggering a headache or migraine (Webber 2006, Özturan 2016). Other known triggers include:

  • Alcohol (red wine in particular because of the Tyramine content)
  • Dehydration
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Lack of exercise
  • Stress
  • Obesity
  • Hormonal changes

Other, less known triggers include:

  • Soft drinks – including sugar free soft drinks due to Aspartame, a common artificial sweetener
  • Some medications such as – The oral contraceptive pill, statins, metformin, ramipril, diclofenac and other NSAID’s (www.drugs.com)
  • Your posture
  • Physical trauma – such as previous falls, sports or whiplash type injuries

Your posture and previous traumas such as whiplash injuries are often overlooked and ignored as a possible trigger. This is often because it is assumed that after a certain amount of time, the body will have healed from the initial trauma and is no longer going to be causative for future complaints. However, it has been shown that the most common sign following a whiplash type head and neck trauma is loss of the normal structural integrity of the spinal segments of your neck (Kai 2001, Fernandez 2004, Alpass 2004, Ferrantelli 2005, Yochum 2005 and Foreman 1995). It has also been shown that the loss of the structural ingetity of the cervical spine has a causal link to headaches through increased activity of the muscles involved in head and neck movement. These muscles are also involved in key reflexes for muscle tone and reflexes involved in coordinating eye and head movements, or oscular-motor reflexes (Ferrara 2011, Bandt 1994).

Therefore with accurate assessment of your cervical spine and your neurological function, we can identify if your headaches or migraines are being caused by your cervical spine. If they are, with appropriate treatment and rehabilitation of your spine and central nervous system, we can help you regain control over your life and stop those headaches from taking over.

 

References:

  1. Steiner TJ et al 2013. Migraine: the seventh disabler. The Journal of Headache and Pain 14:1.
  2. Shapiro RE and Gadsby PJ 2007. The long drought: the dearth of public funding for headache research. Cephalalgia. 27(9):991-4.
  3. Headache Disorders – not respected, not resourced. All-Party Parliamentary Group on Primary Headache Disorders. 2010.
  4. —Sjaastad O, Fredrikson TA, Pfaffenrath V 1998. Cervicogenic Headache: Diagnostic Criteria. Headache 38:442-445
  5. Byrna R, Descarreaux M, Duranleau M, Marcoux H, Potter B, Ruegg R, Shaw L, Watkin R, White E 2011. Eivdence-Based guidelines for the Chiropractic treatment of adult with headache. JMPT 34(5)274-289
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  9. Woodfield III HC, Hasick DG, Becker WJ, Rose MS, Scott JN 2015. Effect of atlas vertebral realignment in subjects with migraine: an observations pilot study. BioMed Research International 25, Article ID 630472 1-18Eck JC, Hodges SD, Humphreys SC 2001. Whiplash: a review of a commonly misunderstood injury. American Journal of Medicine 110:651-656
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  12. Fernandez de las Penas C, Palomeque del Cerro Luis, Fernandez Carnero J 2004. Manual treatment of post-whiplash injury. Jounral of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 2004.
  13. Ferrantelli J, Harrison D E, Harrson D D, Stewart D 2005. Conservative treatment of a patient with previously unresponsive whiplash-associated disorders using clinical biomechanics and posture rehabilitation methods. Journal of Manipulative and Physiologocal Therapeutics 28(3) 205.e1-8
  14. Yochum T. R, Rowe L. J 2005. Essentials of skeletal radiology 3rd Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 351 West Camden Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Volume 1, p82
  15. Foreman SM 1995. Long-term prognosis. In: Foreman SM, Croft AC, editors. Whiplash Injuries: the Cervical Acceleration/ Deceleration Syndrome. 2nd ed. Baltimore (Md) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; p. 443-9.
  16. Lisa A. Ferrara. 2012. The Biomechanics of Cervical Spondylosis. Advances in Orthopedics; Volume 2012; 1-5
  17. Brandt T, Huppert D, Dieterich M1994. Phobic postural vertigo: a first 
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  18. Wöber C, Holzhammer J, Zeitlhofer J, Wessely P, Wöber-Bingöl Ç. Trigger factors of migraine and tension-type headache: Experience and knowledge of the patients. J HeadachePain 2006;7:188-195.
  19. Özturan A, Şanlıer N, Coşkun Ö 2016. The Relationship Between Migraine and Nutrition. Turkish Journal of Neurology 22(2): 44-50
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